Cayman Islands Population: 57,268

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 History
The Cayman Islands were colonized from Jamaica by the British during the 18th and 19th centuries and were administered by Jamaica after 1863. In 1959, the islands became a territory within the Federation of the West Indies. When the Federation dissolved in 1962, the Cayman Islands chose to remain a British dependency. The territory has transformed itself into a significant offshore financial center.

 Geography
Important location between Cuba and Central America
Location: Caribbean, three-island group (Grand Cayman, Cayman Brac, Little Cayman) in Caribbean Sea, 240 km south of Cuba and 268 km northwest of Jamaica
Geographic coordinates: 19 30 N, 80 30 W
Area: total: 264 sq km
land: 264 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Size comparison: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: 0 km
Coastline: 160 km
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive fishing zone: 200 nm
Climate: tropical marine; warm, rainy summers (May to October) and cool, relatively dry winters (November to April)
Terrain: low-lying limestone base surrounded by coral reefs
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: fish, climate and beaches that foster tourism
Land use: agricultural land: 11.2% arable land 0.8%; permanent crops 2.1%; permanent pasture 8.3% forest: 52.9%
other: 35.9% (2011 est.)
Irrigated land: NA
Natural hazards: hurricanes (July to November)
Current Environment Issues: no natural freshwater resources; drinking water supplies are met by reverse osmosis desalination plants
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 People
Nationality: noun: Caymanian(s)
adjective: Caymanian
Ethnic groups: mixed 40%, white 20%, black 20%, expatriates of various ethnic groups 20%
Languages: English (official) 90.9%, Spanish 4%, Filipino 3.3%, other 1.7%, unspecified 0.1% (2010 est.)
Religions: Protestant 67.8% (includes Church of God 22.6%, Seventh Day Adventist 9.4%, Presbyterian/United Church 8.6%, Baptist 8.3%,Pentecostal 7.1%, non-denominational 5.3%, Anglican 4.1%, Wesleyan Holiness 2.4%), Roman Catholic 14.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.1%, other 7%, none 9.3%, unspecified 0.7% (2010 est.)
Population: 57,268 (July 2013 est.) note: most of the population lives on Grand Cayman (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.13% (male 5,226/female 5,154)
15-24 years: 12.59% (male 3,577/female 3,635)
25-54 years: 43% (male 12,010/female 12,615)
55-64 years: 14.22% (male 3,872/female 4,272)
65 years and over: 12.06% (male 3,231/female 3,676) (2016 est.)
Median age: total: 39.9 years
male: 39.2 years
female: 40.5 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 2.05% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 12.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 5.7 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: 14.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population note: major destination for Cubans trying to migrate to the US (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 100% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.54% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: GEORGE TOWN (capital) 31,000 (2014)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 6 deaths/1,000 live births male: 6.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.2 years male: 78.5 years
female: 84 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 1.85 children born/woman (2016 est.)
Drinking water source: improved:
urban: 97.4% of population
rural: NA
total: 97.4% of population

unimproved:
urban: 2.6% of population
rural: NA
total: 2.6% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access: improved:
urban: 95.6% of population
total: 95.6% of population

unimproved:
urban: 4.4% of population
total: 4.4% of population (2015 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Education expenditures: NA
Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever attended school
total population: 98.9%
male: 98.7%
female: 99% (2007 est.)
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24: total: 24.2% male: 32%
female: 16.6% (2013 est.)
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 Government
Country name: conventional long form: none
conventional short form: Cayman Islands
etymology: the islands' name comes from the native Carib word "caiman," describing the marine crocodiles living there
Government type: parliamentary democracy (Legislative Assembly); self-governing overseas territory of the UK
Capital: name: George Town (on Grand Cayman)
geographic coordinates: 19 18 N, 81 23 W
time difference: UTC-5 (same time as Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
daylight saving time: a decision has been made to introduce DST in the archipelago for the first time beginning in 2016; a date for implementation is pending, though it seems likely it will match the date used in the US and Canada
Administrative divisions: 6 districts; Bodden Town, Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, East End, George Town, North Side, West Bay
Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
National holiday: Constitution Day, first Monday in July
Constitution: several previous; latest approved 10 June 2009, entered into force 6 November 2009 (The Cayman Islands Constitution Order 2009) (2016)
Legal system: English common law and local statutes
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Governor Helen KILPATRICK (since 6 September 2013)

head of government: Premier Alden MCLAUGHLIN (since 29 May 2013)

cabinet: The Cabinet (6 members selected from the Legislative Assembly and appointed by the governor on the advice of the premier) elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; governor appointed by the monarch; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or majority coalition appointed premier by the governor
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Legislative Assembly (20 seats; 18 members directly elected by majority vote and 2 ex officio members - the deputy governor and attorney general - appointed by the governor; members serve 4-year terms)

elections: last held on 22 May 2013 (next to be held in 2017)

election results: percent of vote by party - PPM 36.1%, UDP 27.8%, C4C 18.6%, PNA 5.7%, independent 11.9%; seats by party - PPM 9, UDP 3, C4C 3, PNA 1, independent 2
Judicial branch: highest resident court(s): Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and at least 2 judges); Grand Court (consists of the court president and at least 2 judges); note - appeals beyond the Court of Appeal are heard by the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London) judge selection and term of office: Court of Appeal and Grand Court judges appointed by the governor on the advice of the Judicial and Legal Services Commission, an 8-member independent body consisting of governor appointees, Court of Appeal president, and attorneys; Court of Appeal judges' tenure based on their individual instruments of appointment; Grand Court judges normally appointed until retirement at age 65 but can be extended until age 70

subordinate courts: Summary Court
Political parties and leaders: People's Progressive Movement or PPM [Kurt TIBBETTS] United Democratic Party or UDP [McKeeva BUSH]
Political pressure groups and leaders: Coalition for Cayman or C4C National People's Alliance or PNA National Trust other: environmentalists
International organization participation: Caricom (associate), CDB, Interpol (subbureau), IOC, UNESCO (associate), UPU
National symbol(s): green sea turtle
National anthem: name: "Beloved Isle Cayman"
lyrics/music: Leila E. ROSS

note: adopted 1993; served as an unofficial anthem since 1930; as a territory of the United Kingdom, in addition to the local anthem, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
Diplomatic representation from the US: none (overseas territory of the UK); consular services provided through the US Embassy in Jamaica
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 Economy
With no direct taxation, the islands are a thriving offshore financial center. More than 93,000 companies were registered in the Cayman Islands as of 2008, including almost 300 banks, 800 insurers, and 10,000 mutual funds. A stock exchange was opened in 1997. Nearly 90% of the islands' food and consumer goods must be imported. The Caymanians enjoy a standard of living comparable to that of Switzerland. Tourism is also a mainstay, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings. The tourist industry is aimed at the luxury market and caters mainly to visitors from North America. Total tourist arrivals exceeded 1.9 million in 2008, with about half from the US. With no direct taxation, the islands are a thriving offshore financial center. More than 93,000 companies were registered in the Cayman Islands as of 2008, including almost 300 banks, 800 insurers, and 10,000 mutual funds. A stock exchange was opened in 1997. Nearly 90% of the islands' food and consumer goods must be imported. The Caymanians enjoy a standard of living comparable to that of Switzerland. Tourism is also a mainstay, accounting for about 70% of GDP and 75% of foreign currency earnings. The tourist industry is aimed at the luxury market and caters mainly to visitors from North America. Total tourist arrivals exceeded 1.9 million in 2008, with about half from the US.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.507 billion (2014 est.) $2.465 billion (2013 est.) $2.435 billion (2012 est.) GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.507 billion (2014 est.) $2.465 billion (2013 est.) $2.435 billion (2012 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $2.25 billion (2008 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $2.25 billion (2008 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 1.7% (2014 est.) 1.2% (2013 est.) 1.6% (2012 est.) 1.7% (2014 est.) 1.2% (2013 est.) 1.6% (2012 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $43,800 (2004 est.) GDP - per capita (PPP): $43,800 (2004 est.)
GDP - composition, by end use: household consumption: 55.1%
government consumption: 13.1%
investment in fixed capital: 20.1%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 46.4%
imports of goods and services: -34.8% (2016 est.) household consumption: 55.1% government consumption: 13.1% investment in fixed capital: 20.1% investment in inventories: 0.1% exports of goods and services: 46.4% imports of goods and services: -34.8% (2016 est.)
GDP - composition, by sector of origin: household consumption: 55.1%
government consumption: 13.1%
investment in fixed capital: 20.1%
investment in inventories: 0.1%
exports of goods and services: 46.4%
imports of goods and services: -34.8% (2016 est.) household consumption: 55.1% government consumption: 13.1% investment in fixed capital: 20.1% investment in inventories: 0.1% exports of goods and services: 46.4% imports of goods and services: -34.8% (2016 est.)
Agriculture - products: vegetables, fruit; livestock; turtle farming vegetables, fruit; livestock; turtle farming
Industries: tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture tourism, banking, insurance and finance, construction, construction materials, furniture
Industrial production growth rate: 2.4% (2016 est.) 2.4% (2016 est.)
Labor force: 39,000 note: nearly 55% are non-nationals (2007 est.) 39,000 note: nearly 55% are non-nationals (2007 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 1.9%
industry: 19.1%
services: 79% (2008 est.) agriculture: 1.9% industry: 19.1% services: 79% (2008 est.)
Unemployment rate: 4% (2008) 4.4% (2004) 4% (2008) 4.4% (2004)
Population below poverty line: NA% NA%
Household income or consumption by percentage share: lowest 10%: NA%
highest 10%: NA% lowest 10%: NA% highest 10%: NA%
Budget: revenues: $859.5 million
expenditures: $742 million (2016 est.) revenues: $859.5 million expenditures: $742 million (2016 est.)
Taxes and other revenues: 38.2% of GDP (2016 est.) 38.2% of GDP (2016 est.)
Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March 1 April - 31 March
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.4% (2016 est.) -2.9% (2015 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.4% (2016 est.) -2.9% (2015 est.)
Exports: $47.6 million (2016 est.) $45 million (2015 est.) $47.6 million (2016 est.) $45 million (2015 est.)
Exports - commodities: turtle products, manufactured consumer goods turtle products, manufactured consumer goods
Imports: $585.2 million (2016 est.) $579.5 million (2015 est.) $585.2 million (2016 est.) $579.5 million (2015 est.)
Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels foodstuffs, manufactured goods, fuels
Stock of direct foreign investment - at home: $NA $NA
Stock of direct foreign investment - abroad: $NA $NA
Market value of publicly traded shares: $315.6 million (31 December 2015 est.) $183.5 million (31 December 2007) $188.4 million (31 December 2006) $315.6 million (31 December 2015 est.) $183.5 million (31 December 2007) $188.4 million (31 December 2006)
Exchange rates: Caymanian dollars (KYD) per US dollar - 0.82 (2016 est.) 0.82 (2015 est.) 0.82 (2014 est.) 0.83 (2013 est.) 0.83 (2012 est.) Caymanian dollars (KYD) per US dollar - 0.82 (2016 est.) 0.82 (2015 est.) 0.82 (2014 est.) 0.83 (2013 est.) 0.83 (2012 est.)
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 Energy
Electricity - production: 600 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - consumption: 600 million kWh (2014 est.)
Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2013 est.)
Electricity - installed generating capacity: 100,000 kW (2014 est.)
Electricity - from fossil fuels: 100% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from nuclear fuels: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from hydroelectric plants: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Electricity - from other renewable sources: 0% of total installed capacity (2012 est.)
Crude oil - production: 0 bbl/day (2015 est.)
Crude oil - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - imports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Crude oil - proved reserves: 0 bbl (1 January 2016 es)
Refined petroleum products - production: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - consumption: 4,000 bbl/day (2014 est.)
Refined petroleum products - exports: 0 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Refined petroleum products - imports: 3,984 bbl/day (2013 est.)
Natural gas - production: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - consumption: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - exports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - imports: 0 cu m (2013 est.)
Natural gas - proved reserves: 0 cu m (1 January 2014 es)
Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy: 500,000 Mt (2013 est.)
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 Communications
Cellular Phones in use: total: 93,000 subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 166 (July 2015 est.)
Telephone system: general assessment: reasonably good overall telephone system with a high fixed-line teledensity

domestic: liberalization of telecom market in 2003; introduction of competition in the mobile-cellular market in 2004 boosted subscriptions dramatically

international: country code - 1-345; landing points for the Maya-1, Eastern Caribbean Fiber System (ECFS), and the Cayman-Jamaica Fiber System submarine cables that provide links to the US and parts of Central and South America; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Atl (2015)
Broadcast media: 4 TV stations; cable and satellite subscription services offer a variety of international programming; government-owned Radio Cayman operates 2 networks broadcasting on 5 stations; 10 privately owned radio stations operate alongside Radio Cayman (2007)
Internet country code: .ky
Internet users: total: 43,000 percent of population: 77% (July 2015 est.)
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 Transportation
Airports: 3 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 3

1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2013)
Airports (unpaved runways): total 1

914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2012)
Roadways: total 785 km
paved: 785 km (2007)
Merchant marine: total 116

by type: bulk carrier 19, cargo 3, chemical tanker 61, liquefied gas 1, passenger 1, petroleum tanker 5, refrigerated cargo 10, vehicle carrier 16

foreign-owned: 102 (Germany 3, Greece 9, Italy 7, Japan 23, Switzerland 1, UK 2, US 57) (2010)
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Cayman Brac, George Town
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 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the UK
Military branches: no regular military forces; Royal Cayman Islands Police Force (2012)
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 Transnational Issues
Disputes - International: none
Illicit drugs: major offshore financial center; vulnerable to drug transshipment to the US and Europe (2008)
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