Sint Maarten Population: 41,486

6 VISITORS FROM HERE!


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview
  
 History
Although sighted by Christopher COLUMBUS in 1493 and claimed for Spain, it was the Dutch who occupied the island in 1631 and began exploiting its salt deposits. The Spanish retook the island in 1633, but continued to be harassed by the Dutch. The Spanish finally relinquished the island of Saint Martin to the French and Dutch, who divided it amongst themselves in 1648. The establishment of cotton, tobacco, and sugar plantations dramatically expanded African slavery on the island in the 18th and 19th centuries; the practice was not abolished in the Dutch half until 1863. The island's economy declined until 1939 when it became a free port; the tourism industry was dramatically expanded beginning in the 1950s. In 1954, Sint Maarten and several other Dutch Caribbean possessions became part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands as the Netherlands Antilles. In a 2000 referendum, the citizens of Sint Maarten voted to become a self-governing country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The change in status became effective in October of 2010 with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles.

 Geography
The northern border is shared with the French overseas collectivity of Saint Martin; together, these two entities make up the smallest landmass in the world shared by two self-governing states
Location: Caribbean, located in the Leeward Islands (northern) group; Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin in the Caribbean Sea; Sint Maarten lies east of the US Virgin Islands
Geographic coordinates: 18 4 N, 63 4 W
Area: total: 34 sq km
land: 34 sq km
water: 0 sq km

note: Dutch part of the island of Saint Martin

Size comparison: one-fifth the size of Washington, DC
Land Boundaries: total: 16 km border countries (1): Saint Martin (France) 16 km
Coastline: 58.9 km (for entire island)
Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm
Climate: tropical marine climate, ameliorated by northeast trade winds, results in moderate temperatures; average rainfall of 150 cm/year; hurricane season stretches from July to November
Terrain: low, hilly terrain, volcanic origin
Elevation extremes:
Natural resources: fish, salt
Natural hazards: subject to hurricanes from July to November
Current Environment Issues: NA
^Back to Top
 People
Nationality:
Ethnic groups:
Languages: English (official) 67.5%, Spanish 12.9%, Creole 8.2%, Dutch (official) 4.2%, Papiamento (a Spanish-Portuguese-Dutch-English dialect) 2.2%, French 1.5%, other 3.5% (2001 census)
Religions: Protestant 41.9% (Pentecostal 14.7%, Methodist 10.0%, Seventh Day Adventist 6.6%, Baptist 4.7%, Anglican 3.1%, other Protestant 2.8%), Roman Catholic 33.1%, Hindu 5.2%, Christian 4.1%, Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, Evangelical 1.4%, Muslim/Jewish 1.1%, other 1.3% (includes Buddhist, Sikh, Rastafarian), none 7.9%, no response 2.4% (2011 est.)
Population: 41,486 (July 2016 est.)
Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.45% (male 4,000/female 3,655)
15-24 years: 15.26% (male 3,127/female 3,204)
25-54 years: 42.6% (male 8,628/female 9,045)
55-64 years: 15.37% (male 3,057/female 3,319)
65 years and over: 8.32% (male 1,667/female 1,784) (2016 est.)
Median age: total: 40.7 years
male: 39.8 years
female: 41.7 years (2016 est.)
Population growth rate: 1.44% (2016 est.)
Birth rate: 13.1 births/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Death rate: 5 deaths/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Net migration rate: 6.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2016 est.)
Urbanization: urban population: 100% of total population (2015)
rate of urbanization: 1.97% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major urban areas - population: PHILIPSBURG (capital) 1,327 (2011)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.09 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.92 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality rate: total: 8.3 deaths/1,000 live births male: 9.1 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.)
Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.1 years male: 75.8 years
female: 80.6 years (2016 est.)
Total fertility rate: 2.06 children born/woman (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
Literacy:
^Back to Top
 Government
Country name: Dutch long form: Land Sint Maarten Dutch short form: Sint Maarten English long form: Country of Sint Maarten English short form: Sint Maarten
former: Netherlands Antilles; Curacao and Dependencies
etymology: explorer Christopher COLUMBUS named the island after Saint MARTIN of Tours because the 11 November 1493 day of discovery was the saint's feast day
Government type:
Capital: name: Philipsburg
geographic coordinates: 18 1 N, 63 2 W
time difference: UTC-4 (1 hour ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Administrative divisions: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)

note: Sint Maarten is one of four constituent parts (countries) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands; the other three parts are the Netherlands, Aruba, and Curacao
Independence: none (part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
National holiday: King's Day (birthday of King WILLEM-ALEXANDER), 27 April (1967)
Constitution: Staatsregeling, 10 October 2010; revised Kingdom Charter pending previous 1947, 1955; latest adopted 21 July 2010, entered into force 10 October 2010 (regulates governance of Sint Maarten but is subordinate to the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands); note - in October 2010, with the dissolution of the Netherlands Antilles, Sint Maarten became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Legal system: based on Dutch civil law system with some English common law influence
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Executive branch: chief of state: Queen BEATRIX of the Netherlands (since 30 April 1980); represented by Governor General Eugene HOLIDAY (since 10 October 2010)

head of government: Prime Minister William MARLIN (since 19 November 2015)

cabinet: Cabinet nominated by the prime minister and appointed by the governor-general elections/appointments: the monarch is hereditary; governor general appointed by the monarch for a 6-year term; following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party is usually elected prime minister by the legislature
Legislative branch: description: unicameral Estates of Sint Maarten or Staten (15 seats; members directly elected by proportional representation vote to serve 4-year terms)

elections: last held 26 September 2016 (next to be held in 2020)

election results: percent of vote by party - UPP 28.5%, National Alliance 26.1%, US Party 19.3%, Democratic Party 12.5%; seats by party - National Alliance 5, UPP 5, US Party 3, Democratic Party 2
Judicial branch: highest court(s): Joint Court of Justice of Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, and of Bonaire, Sint Eustatitus, and Saba or "Joint Court of Justice" (consists of the presiding judge, other members, and their substitutes); final appeals heard by the Supreme Court, in The Hague, Netherlands; note - prior to 2010, the Joint Court of Justice was the Common Court of Justice of the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba judge selection and term of office: Joint Court judges appointed by the monarch for life

subordinate courts: Courts in First Instance
Political parties and leaders: Concordia Political Alliance or CPA [Jeffery RICHARDSON] Democratic Party or DP [Sarah WESCOTT-WILLIAMS] National Alliance or NA [William MARLIN] United People's Party or UPP [Theodore HEYLIGER] United Sint Maarten Party or US Party [Frans RICHARDSON]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
International organization participation:
National symbol(s): brown pelican, yellow sage (flower); national colors: red, white, blue
National anthem: name: "O Sweet Saint Martin's Land"
lyrics/music: Gerard KEMPS

note: the song, written in 1958, is used as an unofficial anthem for the entire island (both French and Dutch sides); as a collectivity of France, in addition to the local anthem, "La Marseillaise" is official on the French side (see France); as a constituent part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, in addition to the local anthem, "Het Wilhelmus" is official on the Dutch side (see Netherlands)
Diplomatic representation in the US: none (represented by the Kingdom of the Netherlands)
Diplomatic representation from the US: the US does not have an embassy in Sint Maarten; the Consul General to Curacao is accredited to Sint Maarten
^Back to Top
 Economy
The economy of Sint Maarten centers around tourism with nearly four-fifths of the labor force engaged in this sector. Nearly 1.8 million visitors came to the island by cruise ship and roughly 500,000 visitors arrived through Princess Juliana International Airport in 2013. Cruise ships and yachts also call on Sint Maarten's numerous ports and harbors. Limited agriculture and local fishing means that almost all food must be imported. Energy resources and manufactured goods are also imported. Sint Maarten had the highest per capita income among the five islands that formerly comprised the Netherlands Antilles. The economy of Sint Maarten centers around tourism with nearly four-fifths of the labor force engaged in this sector. Nearly 1.8 million visitors came to the island by cruise ship and roughly 500,000 visitors arrived through Princess Juliana International Airport in 2013. Cruise ships and yachts also call on Sint Maarten's numerous ports and harbors. Limited agriculture and local fishing means that almost all food must be imported. Energy resources and manufactured goods are also imported. Sint Maarten had the highest per capita income among the five islands that formerly comprised the Netherlands Antilles.
GDP (purchasing power parity): GDP (purchasing power parity): $365.8 million (2014 est.) $353.5 million (2013 est.) $339.6 million (2012 est.)

note: datar are in 2014 US dollars GDP (purchasing power parity): $365.8 million (2014 est.) $353.5 million (2013 est.) $339.6 million (2012 est.) note: datar are in 2014 US dollars
GDP (official exchange rate): GDP (official exchange rate): $304.1 billion (2014 est.) GDP (official exchange rate): $304.1 billion (2014 est.)
GDP - real growth rate: 3.6% (2014 est.) 4.1% (2013 est.) 1.9% (2012 est.) 3.6% (2014 est.) 4.1% (2013 est.) 1.9% (2012 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP): GDP - per capita (PPP): $66,800 (2014 est.) $65,500 (2013 est.) $63,900 (2012 est.)

note: data are in 2015 US dollars GDP - per capita (PPP): $66,800 (2014 est.) $65,500 (2013 est.) $63,900 (2012 est.) note: data are in 2015 US dollars
Agriculture - products: sugar sugar
Industries: tourism, light industry tourism, light industry
Labor force: 23,200 (2008 est.) 23,200 (2008 est.)
Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 1.1%
industry: 15.2%
services: 83.7% (2008 est.) agriculture: 1.1% industry: 15.2% services: 83.7% (2008 est.)
Unemployment rate: 12% (2012 est.) 10.6% (2008 est.) 12% (2012 est.) 10.6% (2008 est.)
Budget:
Inflation rate (consumer prices): Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4% (2012 est.) 0.7% (2009 est.) Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4% (2012 est.) 0.7% (2009 est.)
Exports:
Exports - commodities: sugar sugar
Imports:
Imports - commodities:
Exchange rates: Netherlands Antillean guilders (ANG) per US dollar - 1.79 (2014 est.) 1.79 (2013) 1.79 (2012) 1.79 (2011) Netherlands Antillean guilders (ANG) per US dollar - 1.79 (2014 est.) 1.79 (2013) 1.79 (2012) 1.79 (2011)
^Back to Top
 Energy
Electricity - production: 304.3 million kWh (2008 est.)
^Back to Top
 Communications
Telephone system: general assessment: generally adequate facilities

domestic: extensive interisland microwave radio relay links

international: country code - 1-721; the Americas Region Caribbean Ring System (ARCOS-1) and the Americas-2 submarine cable systems provide connectivity to Central America, parts of South America and the Caribbean, and the US; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Atla (2010)
Internet country code: .sx; note - IANA has designated .sx for Sint Maarten, but has not yet assigned it to a sponsoring organization
^Back to Top
 Transportation
Airports: 1 (2013)
Airports (paved runways): total 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2012)
Roadways: total 53 km
Ports and terminals: major seaport(s): Philipsburg
oil terminals: Coles Bay oil terminal
^Back to Top
 Military
Defense is the responsibility of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Military branches: no regular military forces (2012)
^Back to Top
 Transnational Issues
^Back to Top


« Previous Country | Next Country »   Back to Flag Counter Overview


   Source: CIA - The World Factbook
 

Flag Counter